I. Gascoyne’s *A delicate diet, for daintiemouthde droonkardes* (1576)
‘I thought it shoulde not be vnprofitable, nor any way vnpleasaunt (vnlesse it be to such as can not abyde to heare of vertue, for feare least they might be ashamed of theyr vyce) to adde some Aucthoryties and examples for the more speedy extyrpation of this monstrous plant, lately crepte into the pleasaunt Orchyardes of Englande.
‘And surely it is time (yea more then tyme) that we shoulde foresée, and learne to auoyde, those Bermaydes of myschiefe, which pype so pleasantly in euery Potte, that men be thereby allured to sayle into the Ilandes of all euyll. And there (being iustly depryued of Gods grace,) are transfourmed into most ougly shapes of brute Beastes.
‘And least I séeme ouer sodainly to leape into my matter, and ouer rashly to rayle before good proofe of reproofe, let mée set downe this for my generall proposition, That all Droonkardes are Beastes…’
=== Could this early reference to Bermudas (Bermaydes) as a drink be relevant to The Tempest (‘to fetch dew / From the still-vex’d Bermoothes’)? i.e. Why are scholars so intent on saying Tempest was written about the geographical islands?
II. Could the actual island for Tempest be the Fortunate Isles (i.e. Canary Islands)?
(a) Fortunate = Prosperous
(b) Canary = There are dogs on Tempest island.
(c) Caliban’s ‘a south-west blow on ye / And blister you all o’er!’ could refer to the winds coming off the Sahara Desert.
(d) Ariel’s song ‘Come unto these yellow sands’ could refer to sulphur from a volcano.
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